Common Urogynaecological Problems 

Common Urogynaecological Problems

Urogynaecological issues are the ones that affect the urinary tract of women. According to a report published in PubMed, urinary incontinence (leakage of urine) is a prevalent condition, affecting at least 10-20% of women under the age of 65 and up to 56% of women over the age of 65, according to a report published in PubMed. 

The early signs of urogynaecological conditions are as follows:

  • Frequent urination
  • The strong urge to urinate
  • A burning sensation when you urinate
  • Loss of bladder or bowel control
  • Frequent urinary tract infections (UTIs)
  • Painful intercourse
  • Chronic bladder, abdominal, or pelvic pain

The typical chronic conditions of the urinary tract are as follows:

Urinary incontinence (UI): This is a chronic condition where one cannot control the urine flow. Often seen in women aged over 50, it can be traced back to the following- 

  • Changes in your bodily functions resulting from an underlying disease
  • Use of certain medications 
  • The onset of an illness, such as a urinary tract infection. 

Disease types include stress incontinence, urgency incontinence or mixed incontinence. 

Uterine prolapse – This condition is characterized by weakening pelvic muscles and tissues, causing the descension of the uterus into the vagina. Symptoms may include urine leakage, pelvic fullness, bulging in the vagina, lower back pain, and constipation.

Pelvic floor dysfunction – Have trouble with bowel movements, incomplete bowel movements, or experiencing leakage of urine or stool? Sometimes pregnancy, traumatic injury, overusing pelvic muscles, being overweight, or advanced age can result in pelvic floor dysfunction. 

Treatment options:

  • Calcium or silicone-based agents are injected for incontinence and bladder control. Sometimes even Botox® is injected into the bladder muscles to treat an overactive bladder and urge incontinence. 
  • Vesicare is often administered to treat incontinence problems in women. 
  • A vaginal pessary is a removable device used to support areas affected by uterine prolapse. 

Other measures include pelvic floor muscle training and nerve stimulation (similar to acupuncture) to treat overactive bladder. 
Connect with Dr. Aparna Hegde online on SeekMed if you’re experiencing persistent urogynaecological issues. Get expert advice on better care for your uterine health, explore affordable treatment options, and attend effective follow-ups. Enjoy your life to the fullest without feeling awkward or experiencing embarrassing interruptions due to an overactive bladder by taking a second opinion from Dr. Aparna Hegde only on SeekMed.

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